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d. A stone thrown vertically upwards with initial velocity u reaches a height ‘h’ before coming down. Show that the time taken to go up is same as the time taken to come down.
in Chapter 1: Gravitation by Expert (10.7k points)
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Let us consider an object which is projected vertically upwards with initial velocity  u which reaches a maximum height h.
Acceleration due to gravity=-g
Equation of Motion for a body projected thrown upwards :
h=ut-1/2gt² -----------(2)
v²-u²=-2gh --------(3)

Equations of motion for freely falling body :
for free fall : 
Initial velocity=u=0

Time of Ascent is the time taken by body thrown up to reach maximum height h 
At maximum height , V=0

Equation (1) turns to u=gt1
\(t_1=\tfrac{u}{g} \) ----------(7)
Maximm height h=\(u²\over2g\) ----------(8)

Time of descent : After reaching maximum height , the body begins to travel downward like free fall
so equation (5) h=\(1\over2\)gt₂²
t₂²=\(2h\over g\)
but from equation (9)
t₂=\( \sqrt{\tfrac{2xu²}{2g²}}\)
t₂=u/g -----------------equation (10)
The time ascent is equal to time of descent in case of bodies moving under gravity

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