Compare the functioning of alveoli in the lungs and nephrons in the kidneys with respect to their structure and functioning.
|Alveoli are tiny balloon-like structures present inside the lungs.||Nephrons are tubular structures present inside the kidneys.|
|The walls of the alveoli are one cell thick and it contains an extensive network of blood capillaries.||Nephrons are made of glomerulus, bowman’s capsule, and a long renal tube.|
|The exchange of O2 and CO2 takes place between the blood of the capillaries that surround the alveoli and the gases present in the alveoli.||The blood enters the kidneys through the renal artery. The blood is entered here and the nitrogenous waste in the form of urine is collected by collecting duct.|
|Alveoli are the site of gaseous exchange.||Nephrons are the basic filtration unit.|