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Why do HCl, HNO3, etc., show acidic characters in aqueous solutions while solutions of compounds like alcohol and glucose do not show acidic character?
 

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When HCl or HNO3 are mixed with water then they dissolve in water to form H+ or H3O+ ions which shows their acidic character. For example just see the following reactions

HCl (aq) → H+ + Cl-

H+ + H2O → H3O+

When alcohols and glucose are mixed with water then they do not dissolve to form ions. Hence they do not show acidic character.

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