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Write short notes on b. Importance of medicinal plants.
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Medicines made from harmful chemicals have side effects and are not safe to be used unless there is medical supervision. Therefore, world-wide herbal remedies are gaining more popularity.

In entire world people have understood the importance of holy basil (tulsi), Adulsa, Jyesthmadh, Turmaric (Haldi), Ginger, etc.
Several plants have medicinal properties which can be used as medicines. Some of the plants grown for their medicinal value are:

  1. Cinchona − Quinine, a drug used in the treatment of malaria,
  2. Rauwolfia (Sarpagandha) − This plant is used for the treatment of hypertension and insomnia.
  3. Belladonna − Alkaloids obtained from the roots of this plant are used as pain relievers. It also stimulates respiration and circulation.
  4. Eucalyptus − The leaves of eucalyptus are used for extracting on oil which is used in the treatment of blocked nose and throat infections, mosquito repellent.

In Ayurveda practices, the natural remedies were used. In olden days, such herbs were collected by roaming in the jungles. Such important medicinal herbs are now cultivated with care.

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