menu search
person
State with reasons whether the following sentences are true or false

a. If a spacecraft has to be sent away from the influence of earth’s gravitational field, its velocity must be less than the escape velocity

b. The escape velocity on the moon is less than that on the earth.

c. A satellite needs a specific velocity to revolve in a specific orbit.

d. If the height of the orbit of a satellite increases, its velocity must also increase
thumb_up_alt 0 like thumb_down_alt 0 dislike
1 view

1 Answer

 
verified

A)  If a spacecraft has to be sent away from the influence of earth’s gravitational field, its velocity must be less than the escape velocity. 

Answer :: 

False.

Reason: This is because the minimum velocity with which the spacecraft must be projected so that it escapes the Earth's gravitational pull is known as escape velocity. So, the initial velocity of the spacecraft must be greater than or equal to escape velocity of Earth. 

B)The escape velocity on the moon is less than that on the earth. 

Answer:: 

True 

C) A satellite needs a specific velocity to revolve in a specific orbit. 

Answer:: 

True

D) If the height of the orbit of a satellite increases, its velocity must also increase. 

Answer:: 

False.

Reason: The specific velocity with which the satellite revolves around a planet is known as critical velocity. It is given as 

\(v_c = \sqrt{\frac{GM}{Rh}}\)

So, we see that as the height (h) of the orbit of a satellite increases, its velocity decreases. Hence, the statement is false.

thumb_up_alt 0 like thumb_down_alt 0 dislike
...