# State with reasons whether the following sentences are true or false a. If a spacecraft has to be sent away from

State with reasons whether the following sentences are true or false

a. If a spacecraft has to be sent away from the influence of earth&rsquo;s gravitational field, its velocity must be less than the escape velocity

b. The escape velocity on the moon is less than that on the earth.

c. A satellite needs a specific velocity to revolve in a specific orbit.

d. If the height of the orbit of a satellite increases, its velocity must also increase

verified

A)  If a spacecraft has to be sent away from the influence of earth’s gravitational field, its velocity must be less than the escape velocity.

False.

Reason: This is because the minimum velocity with which the spacecraft must be projected so that it escapes the Earth's gravitational pull is known as escape velocity. So, the initial velocity of the spacecraft must be greater than or equal to escape velocity of Earth.

B)The escape velocity on the moon is less than that on the earth.

True

C) A satellite needs a specific velocity to revolve in a specific orbit.

True

D) If the height of the orbit of a satellite increases, its velocity must also increase.

$$v_c = \sqrt{\frac{GM}{Rh}}$$