Although the coastal climate is hot and humid, and flat land is limited due to rugged topography, the eastern coast of Brazil has a good water supply and a large range of natural resources.
The region has rich fertile soil which is most suitable for coffee cultivation..
The region is rich in minerals like iron ore and has a steady power supply.
An excellent transportation facility is also available here.
Due to these factors, agriculture, industries and trade flourish and settlements increase.
So, majority of Brazil’s population is found in the eastern coastal areas.