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(a) Describe in brief the changes occurring in the climatic conditions of India while going from south to north

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The diversity in climatic conditions of India is due to the latitudinal location and altitude of the place. The Indian Ocean at south side and the Himalayan ranges at north side exert a great influence on the climate of India and the origin of Monsoons while going from south to north.

The changes occurring in the climatic conditions of India while going from south to north are as follows :

  • In India, as we go from south to north, the temperatures keep dropping.
  • For example, in peninsular region located in the southern part of India, the average temperature is found to be ranging between 25°C and 30°C. On the other hand, mountainous regions located in the northern part of India, the average temperature is found to be ranging between 5°C and 10°C.
  • In India, as we go from south to north, the amount of rainfall also keeps decreasing.
  • For example, in Chennai (located in the southern part of India), the amount of the maximum average rainfall in the month of November is nearly 410 mm. On the other hand, in Delhi (located in the northern part of India), the amount of the maximum average rainfall in the month of August is nearly 200 mm.
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